- The situation relating to the Rohingya in Myanmar is complicated and disputed. Many articles about the Rohingya are incomplete; some are noticeably biased
- Violence and discrimination by the Myanmar state against the Rohingya is extreme, longstanding and disproportionate. This discrimination is contrary to the basic teachings of Buddhism and also to international norms and laws, such as those embodied in the United Nations declaration of universal human rights.
- The violence and discrimination by the Myanmar state is particularly directed towards people who identify as “Rohingya” but is only one of many forms of discrimination practiced by the Myanmar government, supported by its dominant ethnic group, the Bamar, against many minorities.
- This discrimination has been obvious since the late 18th century, when the first documented mass flight of people we now identify as Rohingya occurred, leading to the establishment of Cox’s Bazaar, in Bangladesh.
- While most of the people expelled and/or fleeing to Bangladesh in the most recent (2017) large-scale outbreak of violence in Rakhine (a coastal state of northern Myanmar) are Muslim, people who have fled Rakhine include Hindus, Buddhists, Christians and perhaps others. It is unclear if these minorities self-identify as Rohingya; their existence is overlooked in all pro-Rohingya sources we have so far found.
- Counter violence by Muslim Rohingya against the Myanmar state and civilian populations in Rakhine has been documented since 1942, during World War II.
- While no individual or single element can or should be exclusively blamed for the tragedy of modern Myanmar and the flight and plight of the Rohingya, some factors are more responsible than others. In addition to the more obvious cultural and behavioural determinants, it is plausible that deep evolutionary factors inhibit resolution. If so, peaceful resolution of the Rohingya crisis requires their exploration and consideration.
Part II. Islam and Arakan
Aung San had been a prominent student politician, and was involved in the founding of nationalist organisations. He is reported as supporting and assisting in the Japanese invasion from 1942-5. But the Oxford Burma Alliance reports that he then became skeptical both of Japanese promises of true independence and of the new invader’s ability to win the war. As the war drew to an end, he switched sides, helping to organise an uprising that, with British help, expelled the Japanese. In late 1946 he was appointed (by the British) as deputy chairman of Burma's Executive Council. Soon after (January, 1947) he signed an agreement with the British Prime Minister (Clement Atlee) which promised Burma’s independence within one year.
The Oxford Burma Alliance reports that Aung San is still widely admired and fondly remembered in Burma, because of his campaign for independence and the efforts of his daughter.